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南宁:新生儿卡介苗补种工作将由城区、开发区执行 宝宝出生第一针可就近补种少跑腿

www.spermakosong.com2019-07-16
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Baby "first shot of birth" can be replanted with less errands

The Municipal CDC no longer undertakes the replanting of newborn BCG vaccine, which is carried out by the inoculation units of the urban and development zones.

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This newspaper (reporter Ye Wei Intern Zhang Xueqi) This month, Nanning City, the development zone BCG seed replanting work will be adjusted. The reporter learned from the Nanning Center for Disease Control and Prevention yesterday that from July 8th, due to various contraindications and other reasons, the newborns of BCG could not be vaccinated in time. Parents can choose the inoculation point with less errands and take the baby directly to the city. The vaccination unit carries out BCG replanting.

According to the requirements of《疫苗流通和预防接种管理条例》and《国家卫生健康委办公厅关于印发加快推进预防接种规范化管理工作方案的通知》, from this month, the replanting of BCG in Nanning City and Development Zone will be adjusted: in accordance with the principle of territorial management and nearby vaccination, BCG replanting will be changed to inoculation units from suburbs and development zones. Execution, the Nanning Center for Disease Control and Prevention no longer undertakes the replanting of newborn BCG vaccine.

Nanning Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the attending physician of the Preventive Medicine Clinic, said that tuberculosis is still one of the major infectious diseases that endanger the health of the Chinese people. Tuberculosis is mainly transmitted through the respiratory tract, and the route of transmission is easy to achieve. Existence, untimely handling can easily lead to communication and popularity. BCG, which is vaccinated for children free of charge in the national immunization program, is mainly used to prevent tuberculosis in children, and has high protection against infant miliary tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis. As the "first birth", parents should pay attention to the baby's vaccination with BCG, and strive to let the baby vaccinate BCG as soon as possible within 3 months after birth.

■ Hot Question Q&A

● Under what circumstances can you not get BCG?

1 It is known to be allergic to any of the components contained in the vaccine.

xx2患有急性疾病,严重慢性疾病,慢性病急性发作和发烧。

3免疫缺陷,免疫功能低下或接受免疫抑制治疗。

4患有脑病,未控制的癫痫和其他进行性神经系统疾病。

5名孕妇。

6例湿疹或其他皮肤病患者。

●如果我的宝宝未按时接种BCG,我该怎么办?

作为出生的第一针,BCG通常在出生时在产房中接种。但是,有些婴儿因早产而需要停药,或体重低于2500克,或有其他禁忌症。在上述婴儿的情况下,根据接种医生的建议,有必要在从医院出院后在居住地附近接种疫苗接种单元。

值得注意的是,父母应该在3个月内尽快让宝宝接种BCG疫苗;如果超过3个月,他们必须先进行结核菌素试验(PPD皮肤试验),以确保BCG疫苗可以重新接种而不被感染; 4岁或以上(包括4岁)如果您没有接种疫苗,则无需重新种植。

●接种BCG后会发生什么?

该儿童接种BCG疫苗3至4周。在接种部位(左臂更多),有红肿,逐渐形成小脓包,自身破裂,排出一些分泌物。溃疡形成绒面革后,脱落并离开。一个疤痕就是“卡片”。这是BCG疫苗接种后的正常局部反应,90%的人在接种后会有这样的反应。

“咔哒”的出现一般不需要特殊处理,因此伤口可以缓慢愈合。如果局部发红,注意不要加热,同时注意保持反应部位清洁,衣服应松散,纯棉,避免继发感染。另外,婴儿的疤痕反应可以正常进行,疤痕可以在洗涤后及时干燥。

●我接种了BCG疫苗,但没有“卡”需要重新种植?

没必要!研究表明,成功接种疫苗的人中约有10%的人手臂没有龋齿,龋齿的大小不能作为接种成功的标志。此外,根据国家法规,BCG疫苗接种后无痰液,无需重新种植。

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